GONG XI FA CAI !
United Nations can be better
In this issue, our theme is to promote the idea of a peaceful world so that the people can built on what the relatively peaceful world has achieved over last 30 years or so. We published the
special “Address to the 67th General Assembly general debate” on 25 September 2012 by Secretary-General of United Nations Ban Ki-moon. He summed up very well what we as a human family has
achieved and failed to achieved so far. He outlined what we can do to help the world developed into a better place for all global citizens. It is always a ‘big ask’ as we know there are so many
mountains to climb and so many rivers to cross. There are human weaknesses to overcome etc.
The successful nations in this century have many things in common. First and fore most, as an independent nation, Governments of various persuasion, have to overcome many obstacles and strike for
a peaceful environment which enables them to create jobs, development and security for its citizens. Domestically a nation must set up democratic institutions to ensure good governance applies
to all the citizens and their leaders. Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Individual with unchecked military power can upsurge a peaceful and successful nation overnight. It can
also create war with other nation. That will affect the economy and lives of many citizens around the world. We see that time and time again in history.
Ban Ki-moon pointed out in his address the following ingredients for good governance and government, without them there will be no successful developed nations.
- Just as there can be no peace without development, there can be no development without peace.
- We shall have neither peace nor development without respect for human rights and the rule of law.
- Freedom of speech and assembly are fundamental. But neither of these freedoms is a license to incite or commit violence. The moderate majority should not be a silent majority. It must empower
itself, and say to bigots and extremists alike: “you do not speak for us”.
- Responsible political and community leaders; have always put people first, and challenges at the centre; have worked together for solutions to the problems that matter to people by day – and that
keep them up at night.
United Nations must be bold to set up international rule of law and model of good governance and government for all its nations to emulate. UN must also be bold enough through the concerted effort
of all the successful developed nations, to help the governments and peoples of the failed state to right their wrongs through the international rule of law and not rule of force. Hence we have to
restrict the use and the expansion of military power of all nations and channel their resources to peace, sustainable development and security through the rule of universal civilized rule of laws.
Let the rule of law take care of incompetent leaders of failed state so that their peoples will not suffer but can flourish and help themselves.
That is my wish list for UNITED NATIONS in the 21st Century.
Dr Ka Sing Chua
President, World Huaren Federation
27 September 2012
Diaoyu or Senkaku Islands?
Situated between the Ryukyu Kingdom and Qing Empire, the Diaoyu Islands (pronounced in two syllabus [diào yú], mot to be pronounced as “di – a – yu”) became the focus of recent flare up between
China and Japan in recent days.
Inevitably nationalism and patriotism were high in both countries.
An opinion poll in Japan indicated that 92% of the population supported their government’s decision to buy over the disputed islands, which sparked the present crisis.
In China there were massive demonstrations, called to boycott Japanese goods and threats to further limit sales of rare earth to Japan, so as to “make the Japanese suffer economically”.
Japanese auto companies suspended their production in China. Throughout the world, many ethnic Chinese demonstrate in front of Japanese embassies / consulates to stage their protest.
From a historical perspective, as early as 1534, CHEN Kan 陈侃, a Chinese envoy recorded the island as he passed them, marking them on his map. The Chinese have effectively located these
islands and named them as “fishing islands” [diaoyudao] 钓鱼岛, since the 16th century.
The hand written records of a maritime cartographer and traveler ZHUANG Tingfu 庄廷敷（1728—1800） is of particular interests. Written during the reign of Jia Qing清代嘉庆 (Qing dynasty), is
the “pearls of record” 记事珠. According to the dairy records on May 13th 1808 the Chinese Ambassador to Japan QI Kun 齐鲲 and his deputy FEI Xizhang 费锡章 paid a visit to
CEFUNG to the rulers of Rukyu Kigdom. The records indicated it was only after they pass the Chinese territory of Gumi mountains 姑米山 and Heishuigou黑水沟 that they would reach Rukyu Islands.
Situated before the Gumi Mountains, the Diaoyu Islands clearly belonged to the Chinese territory.
Indeed a 1785 Japanese map, the Sangoku Tsūran Zusetsu (三国通覧図説) by Hayashi Shihei adopted the Chinese kanji (釣魚臺 Diaoyutai) to
these islands, which were painted in the same colour as China.
About 80 years later the Meiji government formally annexed the Ryukyu Kingdoms as Okinawa Prefecture in 1879.
The first Japanese record of the “discovery” of the islands was made in 1884.
In 1885 the governor of Okinawa Prefecture Nishimura Sutezo petitioned the Meiji government (central government of Japan) for formal control of the islands. It is relevant to note that Inoue
Kaoru, Japanese Foreign Minister, commented that these islands lay nearer to the border area with Qing Empire. Taking this into consideration the Minister of the Interior Yamagata Aritomo
turned down the request to incorporate the islands into Japanese territory.
As Japan acquired technology from the West, they were able to defeat the Chinese in military actions. On 14th January 1895 (during the first Sino-Japanese War), Japan incorporated
these islands under the administration of Okinawa porefecture, stating that it conducted surveys since their “discovery” in 1884 and found that the islands were “terra nullius”, and that there
were no evidence that the islands had been under Qing Empire control.
As we know the first Sino-Japanese War (known in Chinese as甲午战争) war ended with Japan as the victor, and the Chinese were forced to sign the “Treaty of Shimonoseki”, also known as “Ma guan treaty”
马关条约. In addition to paying 200,000,000 taels of silver, China had to cede to Japan in perpetuity and full sovereignty of
Taiwan, the Penghu group, and the eastern portion of the bay of Liaodong Peninsula.
Theoretically this treaty would be superseded in 1945 when Japan lost the Second World War with the Treaty of San Francisco, in which Japan relinquished the control of Taiwan together with all
islands appertaining or belong to it. The dispute stems from the interpretation of whether Diaoyu Islands belong to the Island of Taiwan.
In 1972 the United States ended its occupation of Okinawa and the Ryuku Island chains.
Whether the islands are part of the Treaty of Shimonoseki or San Francisco Treaty, the traditional hatred of Japanese in China is still palpable. People in their 70s or older would be the
generation who suffered under Japanese atrocities and remember vividly events such as the “Rape of Nanking”; their children and grandchildren would have learned hundreds of bitter experiences in the
hands of the Japanese, including rape and various forms of torture. The lack of official apology or even an acknowledgement of the extent of war crimes and atrocities indicates that this
chapter of history does not end, and the scourge of “not admittance” will haunt the Japanese for generations to come. The earlier the Japanese population is taught through their education
system and the media the truth of the extent of these atrocities, the earlier the relationship between the second and third biggest economies in the world would return to a more normal
It is unlikely that the dispute would escalate into a full scale war. The present leaders in China place tremendous emphasis and importance on peace. The Japanese and Chinese economies
are more and more mutually beneficial. Bilateral trade now stands at more than $340 billion; China is now Japan’s major export market; massive Japanese investment in China provides thousands of
jobs for Chinese workers and professionals.
The Diaoyu islands episode is a stark reminder that when you are weak and down, you are likely to be bullied, even by your closest neighbour, who have learned from you in the past, who have
incorporated your language, culture, and philosophy into their mindset and psyche.
E-Magazine September 2012
E-Magazine May 2012
- 一个社会/国家/世界应由一系列文明法治所支配，由为人民而建立，并由人民建立的属于人民的适当的执法机构 ，而不是为具体的统治集团或独裁者或为满足他们的思想、宗教统治、权力和贪婪而建立。
'CHINA' : What do you really want . . ???
The First Emperor The Man Who Made China